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Keywords e.g. warehousing
Qualification Code e.g. 600/5640/X
Keywords e.g. warehousing
Unit Code e.g. Y/505/4889
Open Awards Unit ID e.g. CBF498
Keywords e.g. warehousing
Open Awards Unit Code e.g. UA33ART12
Open Awards Unit ID e.g. CBF521

Glossary of Terms

20+ Childcare

Within the Advanced Learner Loans Bursary Fund a category of support to assist learners aged over the age of 20 who are at risk of not starting learning or leaving learning due to issues in obtaining childcare.

Advanced Learner Loan

Advanced learner loans are available for individuals aged 19 or above to undertake approved qualifications at Levels 3 and 4, at an approved provider in England. Advanced learner loans give individuals access to financial support for tuition costs similar to that available in higher education and are administered by Student Finance England. Advanced learner loans are paid directly to the college or training organisation on behalf of an individual. They are not means tested or subject to credit checks and any individual who meets the criteria will be able to apply for a loan regardless of their current employment status.

Area Cost Uplift

Area cost uplift is paid to eligible providers from the Advanced Learner Loans Bursary Fund and reflects the higher cost of delivering provision in some parts of the country, such as London and the south east.


The process of making judgements about the extent to which a candidate’s work meets the assessment criteria for a qualification, unit, or part of a unit.

Assessment Criteria

Assessment criteria describe what a learner should be able to do in order to evidence the learning outcomes of a unit.


Evidence must be the learner’s own work.


A qualification within the RQF which has a value between one and twelve credits.

Break in Learning

When a learner is not continuing with their learning but has told you beforehand that they intend to resume their learning aim in the future.

Care to Learn

A Department for Education scheme to assist young parents under the age of 20 with their childcare costs that may form a barrier to them continuing in education.


A qualification within the RQF which has a value between thirteen and thirty six credits.

Certification end date

The last date on which a certificate can be issued.

Credit value

All units have a credit value. The minimum credit value that may be determined for a unit is one, credits can only be awarded in whole numbers. Learners will be awarded credits for the successful completion of whole unit.

D Unit

The original qualification for internal verifiers involved in NVQs:

Ø  D34   Internally verify the assessment process

If you have already achieved this qualification then you can continue to internally verify as long as you have continued your professional development.

Direct Costs of Learning

Any costs for items without which it would be impossible for the learner to complete their learning aim. This can include the costs of registration, examination or any other activities or materials without which the learner cannot achieve their programme of study.

Distance Learning

Learning delivered away from the learner’s main place of employment or place of learning


Acknowledging that each individual is unique and recognising individual differences, for example, culture, ability, gender, race, religion, wealth, sexual orientation, or any other individual characteristic.

Earnings Adjustment Statement (EAS)

The form providers need to fill in to claim Loans Bursary funding that cannot be claimed through the Individualised Learner Record.

Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA)

The ESFA is responsible for giving colleges, training organisations and employers the right funding to help adults, young people, the unemployed and people with low skill levels to get the skills they need for employment. This includes:

  • Supporting traineeships for young people not in education, employment and training (NEET)
  • Running the National Apprenticeship Service
  • Running the National Careers Service
  • Overseeing and managing Advanced Learning Loans
  • In the 2014-2020 ESF programme, providing an opt-in service to Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) and LEP area ESIF sub committees, to work with colleges and training organisations in meeting their locally identified skills priorities; procuring, managing and match funding training activity funded by ESF, which it has identified as meeting the needs in the local ESIF strategy
  • Helping offenders get into education or training using the Offenders’ Learning and Skills Service


External Quality Assurance


Fair treatment for all regardless of differences eg culture, wealth, race, gender, ability, sexual orientation or any other group characteristic.

European Social Fund

The ESF is Europe’s main instrument for supporting jobs, helping people get better jobs and ensuring fairer job opportunities for all EU citizens. It works by investing in Europe’s human capital – its workers, its young people and all those seeking a job. ESF financing of EUR 10 billion a year is improving job prospects for millions of Europeans, in particular those who find it difficult to get work.


Evidence of a candidate’s knowledge, understanding or skill that can be used to make a judgment on their achievement against set criteria.


Ensuring that everyone has an equal chance of receiving objective and accurate assessment.

Full Level 2

The following qualifications are now designated full at Level 2:

· General Certificate of Secondary Education in five subjects, each at grade C or above, or grade 4 or above, or

·  Technical Certificate at Level 2 which meets the requirements for 2018 16 to 19 performance tables, or

· Other technical and professional qualifications which are part of the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF) and required as part of the legal entitlement for the Level 2 entitlement which must be at least 150 guided learning hours (glh)

Full Level 3

The following qualifications are now designated full at Level 3:

·         Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) Access to Higher Education Diplomas at Level 3

·         Two A-Levels

·         Tech Levels at Level 3 which are in the 16 to 19 performance tables

·         Applied general qualifications at Level 3 which are in the 16 to 19 performance tables

Other approved technical and professional qualifications at level 3 which are part of the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF) and listed as part of the national offer, which must be at least 300 GLH.

Grant-funded providers

Providers with a financial memorandum of conditions of funding (Grant)

Guided Learning (GL)

As defined by Ofqual: “The activity of the learner in being taught or instructed by – otherwise participating in education or training under the immediate guidance or supervision of – a lecturer, supervisor, tutor or other appropriate provider of education or training.

For these purposes the activity of ‘participating in education and training’ shall be treated as including the activity of being assessed if the assessment takes place under the immediate guidance or supervision of a lecturer, supervisor, tutor or other appropriate provider of education or training.’


Within the Advanced Learner Loans Bursary Fund Learner Support, a category of support to assist vulnerable and disadvantaged learner to remove barriers to education and training.


Holistic assessment is identifying how evidence can relate to and be cross referenced to other units rather than taking a unit by unit approach.

The Hub

The Hub provides online services including the return of your individualised learner record (ILR) and completed Earnings Adjustment Statement (EAS). You can also search all learning aims, components of qualifications, apprenticeship frameworks and standards along with their validity and funding details.

Individualised Learner Record (ILR)

The primary data collection we request from learning providers for further education and work-based learning in England. The data is used widely, most notably by the government to monitor policy implementation and the performance of the sector. It is also used by organisations that allocate funding for further education.

Information, Advice and Guidance (IAG)

Services available to learners to enable them to consider further learning opportunities, progression and career choices.


Internal Quality Assurance

Learner Aim Reference Number

The unique eight-digit code used to identify a specific learning aim.

Learning Provider Portal

A service managed by the Student Loans Company (SLC) for providers to obtain and input information for loans-funded learners.

Learning Outcomes

Learning outcomes describe what a learner should know and understand on completion of a unit.


The level at which the qualification is positioned in the Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF). Levels indicate difficulty and vary from level 1 to level 8.

Loans Bursary Fund

A fund to provide learner and learning support-type assistance to learners who are funding their learning through an Advanced Learner Loan. It also provides area-cost uplifts to eligible providers.

Loans Facility

The SFA issues loans facilities agreements to eligible providers. This facility agreement enables providers to offer loan-funded provision to individuals, and to receive payments from the Student Loans Company (SLC) on behalf of individuals.


National Vocational Qualification

Operation dates

The first/last dates that learners can be registered for the qualification.

Personal Learning Record (PLR)

A database which allows individual learners access to their past and current achievement records. These can be shared with schools, colleges, further education training providers, universities or employers.

Prescribed Higher Education

Any provision at Level 4 or above which is classed as a first degree, foundation degree or higher national.

Provision Subcontracting

When you subcontract the delivery of full programmes or frameworks. It is not subcontracting the delivery of a service as part of the delivery of a programme (for example, buying the delivery of a service as part of an apprenticeship framework or outreach support).

Recognising and Recording Progression and Achievement (RARPA) standards

RARPA is an approach for measuring the progress and achievement of learners on some further education courses that do not lead to an externally accredited award or qualification. The majority of such courses are in the adult and community learning sector and other non-accredited learning settings

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

An assessment method that considers whether a learner can demonstrate that they can meet the outcomes for a qualification or a component of a qualification through knowledge, understanding or skills they already have and so do not need to undertake a course of learning for that component or qualification.


Reliable evidence indicates that the learner can consistently perform at this level. A reliable method of assessment will produce consistent results for different assessors at each assessment.

Register of Training Organisations (ROTO)

A register that providers assurances on organisations that deliver education and training services funded by the SFA or subcontractors with less than £100,000 in the supply chain. Market entry pre-qualification process includes due diligence questions and testing of capacity and capability.

Regulatory Qualification Framework (RQF)

The RQF provides a single, simple system for cataloguing all qualifications regulated by Ofqual. Qualifications are indexed by their ‘level’ and ‘size’. Qualifications at any specific level can be very different from one another, for example in their content and purpose. Ofqual maintain a register that provides more detail on each qualification (


Where simulations are allowed they must replicate working activities in a realistic workplace environment.  A realistic working environment is one which replicates what is likely to happen when an individual is carrying out their normal duties and activities.


A legal entity that has an agreement with you to deliver education and training.


Enough evidence as specified in Evidence Requirements or Assessment Strategy.

Total Qualification Time (TQT)

TQT is made up of the following two elements:

· The number of hours which an awarding organisation has assigned to a qualification for Guided Learning, and

· An estimate of the number of hours a Learner will reasonable be likely to spend in preparation, study or any other form of participation in education or training, including assessment, which takes place as directed by but not under the immediate guidance or supervision of a lecturer, supervisor, tutor or other appropriate provider of education or training.

Unique Learner Number (ULN)

A 10-digit number used to match a learner’s achievement to their personal learning record (PLR)

Units of Assessment

A unit is defined as a coherent and explicit set of learning outcomes and related assessment criteria with a title, credit value and level. 

UK Provider Reference Number (UKPRN)

A number given to al providers by the UK Register of Learning Providers to enable them to be easily identified.

V Unit

The previous unit required to quality assurance the assessment process:

  • V1  Conduct internal quality assurance of the assessment process


If you already have this qualification then you can continue to quality assure as long as you have continued your professional development.


Evidence must be relevant to the learning outcome and assessment criteria i.e. capable of measuring the knowledge or skills in question. For example a written test cannot measure a candidate assessor’s ability to provide feedback to learners.

Qualifications Accreditation Number (QAN)

Unique reference number given to the qualification by the regulatory authorities on accreditation.